Source: Medical Xpress
A new study, published November 15, in the journal Pain provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery—total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint replacement surgery. Hip-replacement surgery is commonly followed by long-term reductions in the use of prescription drugs for pain and insomnia.
Management of periprosthetic fractures should be dealt with on a case by case basis, according to a presentation here.
Regardless of whether patients underwent total hip arthroplasty or surface replacement arthroplasty, 40% of young and active patients in this study experienced pain around the hip following surgery.
Source: Medical News Today
According to a study published in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, women who have many children, usedhormone replacement therapy, and had early puberty are more likely to have surgery performed on their joints – especially on their knees.
During recovery after knee replacement surgery, exercise is critical. After initial recovery, patients will want to resume more strenuous activities. In addition to exercise prescribed by a physical therapist, several studies have shown patients who participated in athletic activities prior to surgery will want to continue this practice after surgery. However, how much activity and how strenuous this activity should be remains unclear.
DALLAS — Research presented here at the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons Annual Meeting found patients undergoing revision total knee arthroplasty have become significantly more at risk for obesity in recent years.
Source: Medical Xpress
People with knees worn out by arthritis will get more pain relief from joint replacement surgery, but it has more risks and there’s a good chance that less drastic approaches also would help. That’s the bottom line from the first study to strictly test other treatments against knee replacement, an operation done hundreds of thousands of times a year in the U.S.
Despite radiographic correction of acetabular dysplasia in obese adolescents after Bernese periacetabular osteotomy, complication rates were high, according to these study results.
Source: Science Daily
Cartilage is filled with fluid — about 80% of the volume of the cartilage tissue — that plays the essential roles of supporting weight and lubricating joint surfaces. Loss of this fluid, called synovial fluid, results in a gradual decrease in cartilage thickness and increase in friction, which is related to the degradation and joint pain of osteoarthritis. Since cartilage is porous, fluid is readily squeezed out of the holes over time. Yet the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis usually take decades to develop. Researchers have now proposed a mechanism that explains how motion can cause cartilage to reabsorb liquid that leaks out.
Background: Descriptive epidemiology of total joint replacement procedures is limited to annual procedure volumes (incidence). The prevalence of the growing number of individuals living with a total hip or total knee replacement is currently unknown. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of total hip and total knee replacement in the United States.