Greater length of stay, admission costs, long-term complications risks and inpatient facility discharge likelihood was found among patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty with an off-label prosthesis, according to results.
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a commonly performed orthopedic procedure with more than 100,000 reconstructions performed annually in the United States. Despite improved surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction failure rates range from 5% to 25%.
With an increasing number of total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty procedures being performed in the United States, the rate of failure has also increased. In its annual report, the American Joint Replacement Registry listed infection as a leading cause of TKA and THA revisions from 2012 to 2016.
Source: Medical News Today
Knee pain and injuries are widespread, particularly in very active people and athletes. A hyperextended knee is a type of injury to the knee caused by the knee bending too far backward. This painful injury is often easy for a doctor to spot and treat.
Source: Brigham and Women's Hospital
Patients who had higher pain catastrophizing, the degree of an exaggerated, negative response to pain, were more likely to take opioids for pain relief, a team of investigators found.
They found that patients who used opioids to manage their knee pain before their total knee replacement had less pain relief after the operation. According to a new study, patients who took opioids before knee surgery experienced about 9 percent less pain reduction at 6 months following surgery compared to patients who did not. Read more:
What You Must Know About Joint Replacement; Whether you really need it—and how to prep for it if you do
Source: Consumer Reports
More than half of all older adults in the U.S. have arthritis. Most often it’s osteoarthritis (OA)—where the cartilage between joints wears down, causing swelling, pain, and disability in some.
Since the 1960s, people with severe OA have had the option of surgery to replace certain painful joints with prosthetics made of metal, ceramic, and plastic. Knee and hip replacements are now the third and fourth most common surgeries, respectively, in U.S. hospitals, behind cesarean sections and circumcisions.
Results of a study presented at European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy Congress, here, showed patients who participated in sports before total knee arthroplasty were able to participate in sports postoperatively and in some cases, patients were more active in sports after surgery.
Older men with an increasing number of specific risk factures combined with decreased bone mineral density at the femoral neck are at elevated risk for hip fracture, according to study findings.
Modular implants are currently widely used in total hip arthroplasty because they give surgeons versatility during the operation, allow for easier revision surgery, and can be adjusted to better fit the anatomy of the specific patient. However, modular implants, specifically those that have metal-on-metal junctions, are susceptible to crevice and fretting corrosion.