Patients with inflammatory arthritis who underwent total hip arthroplasty experienced higher rates of complications compared with patients who had osteoarthritis, according to results.
Source: Medical Xpress
A torn ACL (also known as the anterior cruciate ligament) is one of the most common knee injuries, with as many as 200,000 cases per year in the U.S. Young people under the age of 20 are at particular risk, in part because of participation in sports.
Despite the frequency of torn ACLs, many people don’t know that the injury results in a significant risk of developing arthritis within 10 to . Around 70 to 80 percent of patients with a torn ACL will develop arthritis within that timeframe. Because most ACL injuries occur in young people, this means that arthritis could set in at a very early age. If a patient is 15 years old when she tears her ACL, for example, she could be struggling with arthritis by the age of 30.
Arthroscopic Treatment of Hip Pain in Adolescent Patients With Borderline Dysplasia of the Hip: Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up
To examine arthroscopic treatment of hip pain in patients with borderline hip dysplasia (lateral center edge angle [LCEA] between 20° and 25°).
From 2008 to 2013, patients below 18 years of age who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery with an LCEA between 20° and 25° were retrospectively matched 1:1 to a control group without dysplasia (LCEA =25°) based on age, gender, femoroplasty, labral treatment, and capsular plication. Indications for surgery included failure to improve with nonoperative treatments and anti-inflammatory medications after 3 months. Patient-reported outcome data were collected using modified Harris hip score, hip outcome score-activities of daily living subscale, hip outcome score-sports-specific subscale, nonarthritic athletic hip score, and visual analog scale.
Data was collected for a consecutive series of patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for a six-month period. Home support for two weeks after discharge was identified as the primary variable. Patients were classified as living alone (investigational group) or living with others (control group).
While patients who underwent revision total knee arthroplasty for flexion instability had functional improvements postoperatively, they had less improvement than patients revised for infection or loosening/osteolysis who had higher baseline function, according to results.
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to new research.
Patient factors, not procedure, linked with major complications after surgery for femoral neck fracture
The risk of major postoperative complications after hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty for treatment of femoral neck fractures is influenced by patient factors, rather than choice of procedure, according to study results.
Three-dimensional printing has been available for several decades. However, the enthusiasm for use in hip and knee arthroplasties has only greatly increased in the past several years.
Greater length of stay, admission costs, long-term complications risks and inpatient facility discharge likelihood was found among patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty with an off-label prosthesis, according to results.
Source: Medical News Today
Engaging in physical activity can reduce pain and help to maintain mobility and independence for older adults with arthritis, but current exercise recommendations are often unachievable for this population. Now, however, a new study finds that exercising for just 45 minutes a week is enough to reap the benefits.