Modular implants are currently widely used in total hip arthroplasty because they give surgeons versatility during the operation, allow for easier revision surgery, and can be adjusted to better fit the anatomy of the specific patient. However, modular implants, specifically those that have metal-on-metal junctions, are susceptible to crevice and fretting corrosion.
Source: Medical Xpress
A quadriceps isometric contraction exercise method is effective for relieving pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to a study published online May 25 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.
When it comes to recurrent dislocation of the hip after total hip arthroplasty, surgeons will find it helpful to identify the primary cause of the patient’s instability and correct the problem at the time of revision surgery.
Source: Science Direct
To evaluate the minimum 2-year postoperative clinical outcomes and the rate of return to sports in athletes who underwent capsular plication for the treatment of ligamentous laxity and/or borderline dysplasia during hip arthroscopy for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement and labral pathology.
Patients with inflammatory arthritis who underwent total hip arthroplasty experienced higher rates of complications compared with patients who had osteoarthritis, according to results.
Source: Medical Xpress
A torn ACL (also known as the anterior cruciate ligament) is one of the most common knee injuries, with as many as 200,000 cases per year in the U.S. Young people under the age of 20 are at particular risk, in part because of participation in sports.
Despite the frequency of torn ACLs, many people don’t know that the injury results in a significant risk of developing arthritis within 10 to . Around 70 to 80 percent of patients with a torn ACL will develop arthritis within that timeframe. Because most ACL injuries occur in young people, this means that arthritis could set in at a very early age. If a patient is 15 years old when she tears her ACL, for example, she could be struggling with arthritis by the age of 30.
Arthroscopic Treatment of Hip Pain in Adolescent Patients With Borderline Dysplasia of the Hip: Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up
To examine arthroscopic treatment of hip pain in patients with borderline hip dysplasia (lateral center edge angle [LCEA] between 20° and 25°).
From 2008 to 2013, patients below 18 years of age who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery with an LCEA between 20° and 25° were retrospectively matched 1:1 to a control group without dysplasia (LCEA =25°) based on age, gender, femoroplasty, labral treatment, and capsular plication. Indications for surgery included failure to improve with nonoperative treatments and anti-inflammatory medications after 3 months. Patient-reported outcome data were collected using modified Harris hip score, hip outcome score-activities of daily living subscale, hip outcome score-sports-specific subscale, nonarthritic athletic hip score, and visual analog scale.
Data was collected for a consecutive series of patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for a six-month period. Home support for two weeks after discharge was identified as the primary variable. Patients were classified as living alone (investigational group) or living with others (control group).
While patients who underwent revision total knee arthroplasty for flexion instability had functional improvements postoperatively, they had less improvement than patients revised for infection or loosening/osteolysis who had higher baseline function, according to results.
Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to new research.